World Report 2019

Capital: Ashgabat

Among different essential points affecting the observance of financial, social and cultural rights, the Committee discussed the necessity for Turkmenistan to undertake a complete anti-discrimination legislation, in addition to to decriminalize same-intercourse sexual relations of men. The apprehensive residents then launched an investigation, only to find that all the vehicles that had disappeared were black.

A woman does not only need to be dressed in the Turkmen nationwide costume, but her head should also be lined with a scarf, and if it’s a girl, she has to put on the nationwide embroidered skullcap takhya. Dressed any other method, no unauthorised persons or even students are allowed to look within the university. The male college students are not pressured to put on national costume, like the national trousers balaki, Turkmen folks-shirt with the suitable embroidery, gown, the skull-cap on the bald head and at last the sheepskin cap-telpek. Visas are issued on the airport in Ashgabat and the ferry port at Turkmenbashi, but prior approval from the Turkmenistan Migration Service is needed. It is, however, extremely beneficial that you just acquire a visa before leaving for Turkmenistan; there have been cases of airline workers not permitting passengers to board flights without a visa.

The authorities’s closure of many of the nation’s Russian faculties has further resulted in a decline within the high quality of education. It has turn into a mandatory daily fixture in education, the media, and politics, and due to this fact could also be considered as an expression of government policy. In many elementary and secondary schools, skilled institutes, and universities, it has replaced textbooks on traditional subjects. Indeed, even the Embassy of Turkmenistan within the United States presently reports a population determine of only five million.

One interviewee spoke of an increase within the variety of women who act as drug “mules,” crossing the border into Afghanistan and returning with heroin. Even women with university diplomas now post their profiles on international marriage broker websites. As one interviewee noted, some women are keen to take the chance of entering right into a relationship with a stranger in another country because they see no different choices for financial stability in Turkmenistan. This disproportionately affects rural and poor populations, and notably women.

As a outcome, the worth Turkmen body shops have been charging for repaints has gone up 50 per cent, according to reviews, to several occasions that of some locals’ salaries. The country’s Interior Minister reportedly claims women are accountable for the majority of car crashes. In 2012 the brand new Family Code of Turkmenistan got here into force and the minimum authorized age for marriage was raised to 18 years though individuals may still marry at 17 years in exceptional instances with consent of their mother and father or guardians. The authorities has worked with UN agencies to implement its first ever National Action Plan on Gender Equality to combat gender-primarily based violence and meet its human rights obligations related to gender equality.

This has added to the issues facing women, who have suffered a sequence of reverses for the reason that collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. According to a 2009 Pew Research Center report, 93.1% of Turkmenistan’s inhabitants is Muslim. Traditionally, the Turkmen of Turkmenistan, like their kin in Uzbekistan and Afghanistan, are Sunni Muslims.

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Turkmens are an attention-grabbing individuals, and that is very true of the women. Women are garbed in ankle-size clothes of silk or velvet, which are generally a mix of shiny oranges, purples, yellows, blues, and greens. The necklines are embellished with elaborate gold-thread needlework that drops down, adorning the neckline proper to the navel. Richly embellished head wear, jewellery and embroidery accents are part of their routine. The Turkmenistan Population (Live) counter exhibits a repeatedly up to date estimate of the present inhabitants of Turkmenistan delivered by Worldometer’s RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division.

Turkmenistan: Asia’s sporting unknown

One interviewee said merely that politics “is a circus.” Another stated that though women don’t usually take part in politics, some women may be appointed to government positions and that when this occurs, they can’t refuse. In this example, it is tough to evaluate the extent of ladies’s significant participation in authorities. One woman interviewed for this report advised of a lady who was arrested in Ashgabat for luring younger women with the promise of employment overseas and then forcing them into prostitution. The similar interviewee spoke of increasing numbers of girls in the capital posting their profiles on “mail-order bride” company websites. Although international marriage dealer companies are not essentially tied to trafficking, women who register on such websites could also be targeted by traffickers.

The president of Turkmenistan has begun implementing a brand new ban prohibiting women from driving cars, weeks after instituting a rule that barred black vehicles from driving within the nation’s capital as a result of he prefers white automobiles. Turkmenistan acceded to the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1993, which sets a minimum age of marriage of 18, and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1997, which obligates states to ensure free and full consent to marriage. The Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination in opposition to Women right now considered the fifth periodic report of Turkmenistan on its implementation of the provisions of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination towards Women.

All the print media are state-owned, and customs officials typically seize newspapers and magazines on the nation’s borders. The Gender Empowerment Measure reveals the quantity to which Turkmen women play an energetic function within the financial and governmental area. It emphasizes women’s monetary participation and managerial capacity, figuring out the gender inequalities in the political commercial scopes of activity. The women of Turkmenistan are extremely proficient and hardworking, thus turning into the makers of ketene.

Sightseeing in Ashgabat is less about seeing issues which might be lovely or educational or historically important, and extra about visiting issues which might be weird. I walk through a abandoned park to go to a monument that appears like a large bathroom plunger.

The U.S. Department of State Country Reports on Human Rights Practices 2005 reported that there have been six known cases of trafficking in persons and one successful prosecution on charges of sexual exploitation, slavery, and encouraging deceitful border crossing. No official knowledge exist relating to the extent of trafficking in and out of Turkmenistan. Accordingly, the federal government of Turkmenistan maintains that trafficking in individuals (TIP) just isn’t an issue and devotes little consideration and few assets to the issue. However, present deteriorating social, financial and political conditions in the nation contribute to trafficking situations and make women more and more susceptible.

However, at first of the 90s, due to the social approach, the officers did not confront, study or offend women. Subsequently, women became concerned in the most accepted type of non-public enterprise – buying and selling in products from overseas.

The standing of women in Turkmenistan is unlikely to alter within the foreseeable future. In an period of globalization, Turkmenistan stays largely minimize off from the rest of the world.

Christine Weigand, UNICEF Representative in Turkmenistan shares best needs on Novruz. In Turkmenistan, the national programme for the promotion of physical activity during pregnancy was developed as a response to the findings of the surveys in line with the WHO Physical Activity Strategy for the European Region. The strategy encourages policy motion guided by effective monitoring and surveillance, and calls for prime-level management by the health sector. The STEPS and COSI surveys collect, analyse and disseminate core information on noncommunicable diseases and measure tendencies in being overweight and weight problems amongst primary college-aged kids.